Nutrition, Health and Population
There are a number of key health issues for developing countries, especially in Africa. They include malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and avian flu. This page provides current developments on these issues as well as background.
Call for shakeup in Africa nutrition research IRIN News February 24, 2014
Obesity rate for young children plummets 43 percent in a decade Sabrina Tavernise New York Times February 25, 2014 Obesity found to gain its hold in earliest years Gina Kolata New York Times January 29, 2014
Does a child die of hunger every 10 seconds? Ruth Alexander BBC News June 17, 2013
Nutrition 'must be a global priority', say researchers as malnutrition is implicated in 45 percent of child deaths Helen Briggs BBC News June 5, 2013 Access the report
HIV infection, leading to AIDS, is a major world problem, especially in Africa. In addressing the problem of HIV infection, there have been major concerns.
The first major concern is that African people and governments have been unable to afford the level of care available in the United States and other developed countries, where (expensive) anti-retroviral therapy has not cured HIV/AIDS, but has permitted substantially longer life for those infected. In the last several years this has been partially addressed by two major developments. First is a significant increase in developed country assistance. The second is the (partial) resolution of international property rights disputes over anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs, which has permitted a substantial reduction in the cost of ARV drugs supplied in developing countries.
The second major concern is the persistence of behavior patterns that permit HIV infection. The three principal ways of HIV infection are by sexual contact, though blood transmission (by drug users sharing the same needle, and by medical procedures, especially blood transfusion, not adopting proper safeguards) and by mother to child transmission. Sexual contact is the major means of HIV infection, with mother to child transmission a consequence of sexual contact. HIV testing will alert HIV-positive people that they are HIV positive, and ideally they will take measures to protect their sexual partners against infection, and to not have children or to take measures to reduce the possibility of HIV infection in the newborn.
Global prevalence of HIV 2009
Grey: No data or <.1% .Light pink: 1% – <.5% .Darker Pink 5% – <1% Darkest pink/very light red: 1% – <5% Red: 5% – <15% >Darkest red15% – 28%
Source: UN AIDS Report 2010 Ch. 2 Epidemic http://www.unaids.org/documents/20101123_GlobalReport_Chap2_em.pdf
New HIV cases falling in some poor nations, but treatment still lags Donald G McNeil Jr New York Times November 20, 2012
"For the hurt of my poor people I am hurt, I mourn, and dismay has taken hold of me. Is there no balm in Gilead? Is there no physician there? Why then has the health of my poor people not been restored?" - Jeremiah 8:21-22
Niger's "remarkable" progress in reducing child deaths IRIN News February 27, 2014
South Sudan: 'One of the most dangerous places to give birth' (video) BBC News February 25, 2014
UN focuses on faltering goals: water, sanitation, energy Thalif Deen Inter Press Service February 19, 2014
Vaccine aide gunned down in Pakistan Salmon Masgood New York Times December 28, 2013