Nutrition, Health and Population
There are a number of key health issues for developing countries, especially in Africa. They include malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and avian flu. This page provides current developments on these issues as well as background.
Also see World food and hunger crisis
Does a child die of hunger every 10 seconds? Ruth Alexander BBC News June 17, 2013
Nutrition 'must be a global priority', say researchers as malnutrition is implicated in 45 percent of child deaths Helen Briggs BBC News June 5, 2013 Access the report
A quarter of the world's children are at risk of underperforming at school because of chronic malnutrition, Save the Children says BBC News May 27, 2013 Access full report
UNICEF report details the cost of malnutrition in children Associated Press New York Times April 15, 2013 See full report (pdf file) See more nutrition and health stories
Poorest countries lead the fight against malnutrition Institute of Development Studies April 11, 2013
In spite of billions of dollars spent on heart attack research, and diet's apparent critical role in preventing heart attacks, very few scientific studies on diet's role have been done Gina Colata New York Times March 2, 2013
Nevin S. Scrimshaw, pioneer nutritionist, dies at 95 Douglas Martin New York Times February 12, 2013
India wakes up to child malnutrition ‘shame,’ begins to make progress Simon Denyer Washington Post December 26, 2012
Five reasons malnutrition still kills in Nepal IRIN News December 14, 2012
HIV infection, leading to AIDS, is a major world problem, especially in Africa. In addressing the problem of HIV infection, there have been major concerns.
The first major concern is that African people and governments have been unable to afford the level of care available in the United States and other developed countries, where (expensive) anti-retroviral therapy has not cured HIV/AIDS, but has permitted substantially longer life for those infected. In the last several years this has been partially addressed by two major developments. First is a significant increase in developed country assistance. The second is the (partial) resolution of international property rights disputes over anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs, which has permitted a substantial reduction in the cost of ARV drugs supplied in developing countries.
The second major concern is the persistence of behavior patterns that permit HIV infection. The three principal ways of HIV infection are by sexual contact, though blood transmission (by drug users sharing the same needle, and by medical procedures, especially blood transfusion, not adopting proper safeguards) and by mother to child transmission. Sexual contact is the major means of HIV infection, with mother to child transmission a consequence of sexual contact. HIV testing will alert HIV-positive people that they are HIV positive, and ideally they will take measures to protect their sexual partners against infection, and to not have children or to take measures to reduce the possibility of HIV infection in the newborn.
Global prevalence of HIV 2009
Grey: No data or <.1% .Light pink: 1% – <.5% .Darker Pink 5% – <1% Darkest pink/very light red: 1% – <5% Red: 5% – <15% >Darkest red15% – 28%
Source: UN AIDS Report 2010 Ch. 2 Epidemic http://www.unaids.org/documents/20101123_GlobalReport_Chap2_em.pdf
New HIV cases falling in some poor nations, but treatment still lags Donald G McNeil Jr New York Times November 20, 2012
"For the hurt of my poor people I am hurt, I mourn, and dismay has taken hold of me. Is there no balm in Gilead? Is there no physician there? Why then has the health of my poor people not been restored?" - Jeremiah 8:21-22
Government corruption “cripples” Malawi's health sector IRIN News October 24, 2013 See the section of Hunger Notes special report on Harmful economic systems on Impact on poor people
Maternal health in India: Where we are today Aparajita Gogoi and Renuka Motihar Huff Post June 6, 2013
About 40 percent of the diarrhea in young children is caused by four bugs, study finds David Brown Washington Post May 13, 2013 See more nutrition and health stories
Another scourge in his sights: guinea worm Donald G McNeil Jr New York Times April 22, 2013
In Africa, corruption dirties the water Kenneth Odiwuor IRIN News March 14, 2013
Pakistan polio drive suspended after 8 health workers killed by extremists (video) BBC News December 19, 2012 Getting polio campaigns back on track (analysis) Donald G McNeil Jr New York Times December 24, 2012 See other health and nutrition stories