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 AFRICA 2011

Africa Web Links For North Africa country stories, see Global
World child hunger facts

Women and children wait to receive a cooked meal at a food distribution organized by the WFP near the port in Mogadishu, Somalia. Photo:Kate Holt/IRIN  

Women and children wait to receive a cooked meal at a food distribution organized by the WFP near the port in Mogadishu, Somalia. Photo:Kate Holt/IRIN  

Somali Islamists ban aid groups, renewing famine concerns Mike Pflanz Christian Science Monitor November 30, 2011 With rainfall and aid the number facing starvation in Somalia drops by half a million Jeffrey Gettleman New York Times November 18, 2011  US intensifies its proxy fight against al-Shabab in Somalia Craig Whitlock Washington Post November 24, 2011 Encircling Somalia (map) Washington Post November 24, 2011 US drone base in Ethiopia is operational Craig Whitlock Washington Post October 27, 2011 Kenyans in first al-Shabab battle in Somalia after crossing the border BBC News October 28, 2011

US trying to seize more than $70M from Equatorial Guinea dictator’s son over alleged corruption James V Grimaldi Washington Post October 31, 2011  

After five years, free universal secondary education in Uganda has improved attendance for poor students and girls, but quality problems remain Richard M Kavuma Poverty Matters Blog October 25, 2011

Mother with sick child. Malaria accounts for 20% of childhood deaths in Africa. Photo: Getty Images

Malaria accounts for 20% of childhood deaths in Africa. Photo: Getty Images

Malaria deaths fall over 20% worldwide in last decade BBC News October 18, 2011  See more nutrition and health stories

Food: Rumpus over genetically modified food aid IRIN News October 18, 2011 See Hunger Notes special report Development assistance

100 US troops to deploy to Uganda to aid fight against Lord’s Resistance Army Scott Wilson and Craig Whitlock Washington Post October 14, 2011

Swaziland: Corruption exceeds social services budget IRIN News October 12, 2011  

Nobel Peace Prize recognises women rights activists: Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian Leymah Gbowee and Tawakul Karman of Yemen BBC News October 7, 2011 Liberia election: Votes counted in Sirleaf-Tubman contest BBC News October 12, 2011 Wangari Maathai, Nobel winner, laid to rest in Kenya BBC News October 8, 2011

Zambia: Opposition leader wins presidential election; incumbent did not rig election and voluntarily gives up power  BBC News  September 23, 2011

More than 20,000 were expelled from their homes, Oxfam says.  Photo: New York Times

More than 20,000 were expelled from their homes, Oxfam says. Photo: Swen Torfinn/New York Times

The Ugandan government and a British forest products company have forcibly expelled 20,000 Ugandans from their homes and land, Oxfam says Josh Kron New York Times September 21, 2011  See full report Global land grab: Foreign investors are scooping up vast tracts of farmland in some of the world’s hungriest countries to grow crops for export  Terry J. Allen Truthout August 26, 2011

Fatuma Hassan Yarow, above at left, a 12-year-old Somali girl, rested after arriving in Dadaab, Kenya, home to tens of thousands of refugees. Photo: Dai Kurokawa/European Pressphoto Agency

Famine ravages Somalia in a world less likely to intervene Jeffrey Gettleman New York Times September 15, 2011 UN officials say famine is widening in Somalia Jeffrey Gettleman New York Times September 5, 2011 Conflict, government instablity, and famine IRIN News  August 25, 2011 See Hunger Notes special report Armed Conflict and Hunger

Conflict and government instablity and famine IRIN News  August 25, 2011 See Hunger Notes special report Armed Conflict and Hunger

Women que for water. Amina Abdalla, a 45-year-old mother of seven, lives in northern Kenya's Marsabit District, where life is a daily struggle for scarce water and pasture. Abdalla's family lives on about 10 litres (≈≈ 1 quart) of water per day, far below the 20-50 litres per person per day recommended by the UN.

Women que for water. Amina Abdalla, a 45-year-old mother of seven, lives in northern Kenya's Marsabit District, where life is a daily struggle for scarce water and pasture. Abdalla's family lives on about 10 litres (≈ 1 quart) of water per day, far below the 20-50 litres per person per day recommended by the UN.

Running out of water in northern Kenya: Amenia Abdalla waits in line six hours for 25 gallons of water which is expected to last 10 days for her family of eight IRIN News August 24, 2011  Also see world hunger pictures Poverty and government assistance not adequate for the needs fueling malnutrition in rural Kenya IRIN News August 25, 2011 KENYA: Demo Hassan, "For 40 years, food aid has been routine" IRIN News August 26, 2011

East Africa: Tough lifestyle changes as food prices continue to rise IRIN News August 11, 2011 See Hunger Notes special report: The world food and hunger crisis

One-year-old John Epua is admitted to Lodwar District Hospital, in Kenya's Turkana Central district, after he was diagnosed with malnutrition.  Photo:Ochieng/Kenya Standard 

One-year-old John Epua is admitted to Lodwar District Hospital, in Kenya's Turkana Central district, after he was diagnosed with malnutrition. More information Photo:Ochieng/Kenya Standard 

Hundreds of thousands of people in northwest Kenya are almost out of food and water IRIN News August 2, 2011

Somalia's humanitarian crisis worsened by violations of laws of war, says report Mark Tran Guardian.co.uk August 15, 2011 Top 10 culprits for Horn of Africa hunger (opinion) Andrew Harding BBC News July 26, 2011 Somali famine spreads to three more areas, says UN BBC News August 3, 2011  

Tens of thousands of Somalis, mostly women and children, are on the move, fleeing the worst famine in a generation in this Horn of Africa nation. Resilient Somalis have endured two decades of civil war and two consecutive seasons of failed rains. Now, after their livestock and crops have died, and with their babies suffering from malnutrition and food prices skyrocketing, they have given up any pretense that they can survive on their own. Photo: Washington Post

Somalis flee famine along ‘roads of death’ Sudarsan Raghavan Washington Post July 25, 2011  

The UN says more than 10 million people are affected by drought across the Horn of Africa. Photo: Al Jazeera/Azad Essa

UN declares famine in parts of Somalia: 3.7 million people 'now in crisis' and more than 10 million affected by worst drought in decades Al Jazeera July 20, 2011 Photographs: Fleeing Somalia's drought New York Times July 16, 2011 Measuring starvation in Somalia IRIN News July 4, 2011 Analysis: What is a famine? IRIN News May 13, 2010

The delivery room of a hospital in Arua, Uganda. The 400-bed hospital has a shortage of doctors and midwives and lacks many basic medical supplies. More Photos: Tadej Znidarcic/New York Times  

The delivery room of a hospital in Arua, Uganda. The 400-bed hospital has a shortage of doctors and midwives and lacks many basic medical supplies. Photo: Tadej Znidarcic/New York Times   More Photos

Maternal deaths focus harsh light on Uganda Celia W. Dugger New York Times July 29, 2011 See more nutrition and health stories

President Obama met with four West African presidents on Friday, July 28 in the White House (from left, President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger, President Boni Yayi of Benin, President Alpha Condé of Guinea, and President Alassane Ouattara of Cote D’Ivoire). Photo: Philip Scott Andrews/The New York Times

President Obama met with four West African presidents on Friday, July 28 in the White House (from left, President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger, President Boni Yayi of Benin, President Alpha Condé of Guinea, and President Alassane Ouattara of Cote D’Ivoire). Photo: Philip Scott Andrews/The New York Times

In West Africa, democracy struggles to survive as the military threatens civilian power Adam Nossiter New York Times July 29, 2011

Abdille Muhamed with his dead cow Photo: Jaspreet Kindra/IRIN

Abdille Muhamed with his dead cow Photo: Jaspreet Kindra/IRIN

Kenya: When a cow is part of the family  IRIN News July 28, 2011

Maria Farah outside her ari.  Every day, 500g of boiled wheat is divided up between two adults, four children, a calf, a goat and a donkey in the Farah household. It is the only food they have had after rains failed for the past two seasons. The 15kg sack of wheat is provided to about 1,200 people in the Bisle area, which has four settlements, under the government-run Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) as payment for work, such as digging water holes. "It is boiled wheat for breakfast and for the main meal – we don't have anything else – no milk, no meat, no vegetables, no oil," says Maria Farah, the mother. Not surprisingly, two of her children are severely malnourished.  Photo: Jaspreet Kindra/IRIN  

Maria Farah outside her ari.  Every day, 500g of boiled wheat is divided up between two adults, four children, a calf, a goat and a donkey in the Farah household. It is the only food they have had after rains failed for the past two seasons. The 15kg sack of wheat is provided to about 1,200 people in the Bisle area, which has four settlements, under the government-run Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) as payment for work, such as digging water holes. "It is boiled wheat for breakfast and for the main meal – we don't have anything else – no milk, no meat, no vegetables, no oil," says Maria Farah, the mother. Not surprisingly, two of her children are severely malnourished.  Photo: Jaspreet Kindra/IRIN  

Ethiopia: Families in Bisle living on 1.1 lbs of boiled wheat a day IRIN News July 12, 2011

Clinics like this one in Tumbu have been jammed since Sierra Leone ended some fees in 2010 Photo: Sven Torfinn/New York Times

Clinics like this one in Tumbu have been jammed since Sierra Leone ended some fees in 2010 Photo: Sven Torfinn/New York Times

Sierra Leone government eliminates medical fees for children and pregnant women, resulting in huge increase in patients Adam Nossiter New York Times July 17, 2011  More nutrition and health stories

Five vegetables you’ve never heard of that are helping to end hunger Nourishing the Planet Christian Science Monitor July 14, 2011

Rehearsals are under way for this weekend's independence celebrations in Juba, the capital of the new Republic of South Sudan.  Photo: Tyler Hicks/The New York Times

Rehearsals are under way for this weekend's independence celebrations in Juba, the capital of the new Republic of South Sudan.  Photo: Tyler Hicks/The New York Times More Photos

South Sudan, the newest nation, is full of hope and problems Jeffrey Gettleman New York Times July 7, 2011

When food shortages mean conflict Christian Parenti Salon July 19, 2011 Kenya police tear-gas corn and fuel price protestors BBC News July 7, 2011 See Hunger Notes special report: The world food and hunger crisis

This young Somali was suffering from severe malnutrition after fleeing home with his parents. "More than 50 per cent of Somali children arriving in Ethiopia are seriously malnourished, while among those arriving to Kenya that rate is somewhat lower, but equally worrying – between 30 to 40 per cent,". a  UNHCR spokesperson said.  Photo:Gangale/UNHCR

This young Somali was suffering from severe malnutrition after fleeing home with his parents. "More than 50 per cent of Somali children arriving in Ethiopia are seriously malnourished, while among those arriving to Kenya that rate is somewhat lower, but equally worrying between 30 to 40 per cent,". a  UNHCR spokesperson said.  Photo:Gangale/UNHCR

Somalia: Halima Omar, "I watched four of my children die of hunger"  IRIN News July 4, 2011 UNHCR concerned about malnutrition levels among new Somali refugees UNHCR July 5, 2011

Lambo, 3, with his grandmother and mother, Samina Tahiaritsoa, at the Centre for Treatment of Acute Malnutrition with Complications (CRENI) in the town of Amboasary Sud. According to the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), two out of three Malagasy live in poverty and 50 percent of children younger than five have stunted growth due to malnutrition.  "Above all, it's the poverty that's causing this," said CRENI's head doctor, Samuel Rasaivaonirina, adding that most wage earners support an average household of 10 people on just $10 a month.  Photo: Hannah McNeish/IRIN

Madagascar: Poverty and malnutrition on sisal plantations IRIN News June 23, 2011 More nutrition and health stories

Recent infections have made Chad the country with the highest number of polio cases worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Two drops of oral polio vaccine, shown being administered to a child, given several times at a young age can protect a child for life. Weak coordination, supervision and monitoring; a defective cold-chain; and poor communications are some of the "main problems" with polio immunizations in Chad, according to a new Chad government plan to improve coverage. Photo: UNICEF Chad/2011/Esteve

Recent infections have made Chad the country with the highest number of polio cases worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Two drops of oral polio vaccine, shown being administered to a child, given several times at a young age can protect a child for life. Weak coordination, supervision and monitoring; a defective cold-chain; and poor communications are some of the "main problems" with polio immunizations in Chad, according to a new Chad government plan to improve coverage. Photo: UNICEF Chad/2011/Esteve

Chad: Children unprotected as polio spreads IRIN News June 21, 2011 More nutrition and health stories

Congo: Measles kills 32, infects hundreds IRIN News June 21, 2011 More nutrition and health stories

The daily fight for life in Somalia (video) Peter Greste BBC News June 17, 2011

East Africa faces 'world's worst food security crisis' BBC News June 8, 2011See Hunger Notes special report: The world food and hunger crisis

Northern Sudan threatens to occupy two more disputed regions as southern Sudan prepares to succede Jeffrey Gettleman and Josh Kron New York Times May 29, 2011

Mugabe ally, supported by Zimbabwe police and courts, escalates push to control Anglican churchkey part of government effort to stifle religious opposition  Celia W. Dugger May 29, 2011   

An army officer on patrol in Kasangati, on the outskirts of Kampala. Unconfirmed reports on 29 April indicated three demonstrators had been shot dead Photo: Philippa Croome/IRIN

An army officer on patrol in Kasangati, on the outskirts of Kampala. Unconfirmed reports on 29 April indicated three demonstrators had been shot dead Photo: Philippa Croome/IRIN

Uganda: Riots break out in Kampala after three weeks of protests against higher food prices, arrrest of opposition leader IRIN News April 29, 2011  See Hunger Notes special report: The world food and hunger crisis

In Gulu town, a 42-year-old slum dweller, Christine Amony, ekes out a living by selling bananas in Gulu Town Street. She spoke to IRIN about living on one meal a day as she copes with the high cost of living. "Commodities are unaffordable as prices increase day by day. People in Kony Paco [a slum] are cutting their meals and staying hungry because the money can’t buy adequate food. I have four children and we live in Kony Paco. We have one meal of cassava and beans every day in the evening and even then the food isn’t enough. Photo: Charles Akena/IRIN 

In Gulu town, a 42-year-old slum dweller, Christine Amony, ekes out a living by selling bananas in Gulu Town Street. She spoke to IRIN about living on one meal a day as she copes with the high cost of living. "Commodities are unaffordable as prices increase day by day. People in Kony Paco [a slum] are cutting their meals and staying hungry because the money can’t buy adequate food. I have four children and we live in Kony Paco. We have one meal of cassava and beans every day in the evening and even then the food isn’t enough. Photo: Charles Akena/IRIN 

Uganda: Christine Amony, "Finding food for the whole family is becoming a nightmare”  IRIN News April 21, 2011See Hunger Notes special report: The world food and hunger crisis

Robert Mugabe hounds rivals in Zimbabwe, parties say Celia W. Dugger New York Times April 18, 2011

n Burundi, many former child soldiers who underwent vocational training are yet to find gainful employment or set up income-generating activities. Photo: Désiré Nimubona/IRIN  

In Burundi, many former child soldiers who underwent vocational training are yet to find gainful employment or set up income-generating activities. Photo: Désiré Nimubona/IRIN  

Chad: Because of poverty, children voluntarily join rebel armies as soldiers IRIN News April 12, 2011 Burundi: Former child soldiers 'languishing in poverty' IRIN News April 5, 2011

Ethiopia at the center of global farmland rush that has put 86 million acres in foreign hands, shutting out small farmers John Vidal The Guardian March 21, 2011  See Hunger Notes special report Trade and Hunger

Sudan preventing food, health care from reaching Darfur, Catholic Relief says Rebecca Hamilton Washington Post March 25, 2011

Incumbent president Laurent Gbagbo has strong support in Abidjan from a youth militia.  Photo: AFP

Incumbent president Laurent Gbagbo has strong support in Abidjan from a youth militia.  Photo: AFP

Ivory Coast: 'Ouattara must stop reprisal attacks' Amnesty International says BBC News April 13, 2011 Ivory Coast's UN-recognized President, Alassane Ouattara, has urged restraint after the dramatic capture of his rival Laurent Gbagbo BBC News April 12, 2011  Showdown for Ivory Coast rivalsheavy fighting near Gbagbo residence BBC News April 1, 2011 Ivory Coast fighting in Duekoue traps 30,000 people in church compound BBC News March 30, 2011 Ivory Coast: One million refugees feared, UNHCR says BBC News March 25, 2011 Urban exodus from Abidjan as violence escalates between armed groups supporting Côte d’Ivoire’s two rival leaders, Alassane Ouattara and Laurent Gbagbo IRIN News February 25, 2011

A severe water crisis, linked to the La Niña weather phenomenon, has taken hold across much of Somalia after failed seasonal Deyr rains.  And 1.6 million people have been displaced by conflict. Photo: Mohamed Gaarane/IRIN

Somalia: As a result of conflict and drought, 1 out of 3 Somalians needs humanitarian asssistance as prices of food and water soar IRIN News March 7, 2011

Abidjan residents say they spent days trapped in their homes amid constant gunfire.  Photo: Monica Mark/IRIN

 Abidjan residents say they spent days trapped in their homes amid constant gunfire.  Photo: Monica Mark/IRIN

Urban exodus from Abidjan as violence escalates between armed groups supporting Côte d’Ivoire’s two rival leaders, Alassane Ouattara and Laurent Gbagbo IRIN News February 25, 2011

In a divided country, food has stopped moving across the lines. Photo: Nancy Palus/IRIN

Côte d'Ivoire: Fear descends on the North IRIN News January 27, 2011

South Sudan voters choose secession Al Jazeera January 30, 2011 Darfur returning to "past patterns of violence" IRIN News January 28, 2011 Sudan's leader reaches out ahead of a referendum on independence for the South Jeffrey Gettleman New York Times January 4, 2011 Sudan needs to have greater transparency over its oil revenues to help preserve peace in the region, according to a new report BBC News January 6, 2011

Sarah Mohammed, who is eight months pregnant, plans to deliver inside her tent in Galkayo, Somalia, because there is no nearby hospital. Mohammed fled Mogadishu several months ago after watching an explosion tear apart her cousin. Photo:Sudarsan Raghavan/Washington Post

Sarah Mohammed, who is eight months pregnant, plans to deliver inside her tent in Galkayo, Somalia, because there is no nearby hospital. Mohammed fled Mogadishu several months ago after watching an explosion tear apart her cousin. Photo:Sudarsan Raghavan/Washington Post

'From one hell to another: Somali refugees from war in Mogadishu face a dangerous road Sudarsan Raghavan Washington Post December 26, 2010

The half-dozen strangers who descended on the remote village of Soumouni, Mali brought its hand-to-mouth farmers alarming news: their humble fields, tilled from one generation to the next, were now controlled by Libya’s leader, Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, and the farmers would all have to leave. Across Africa and the developing world, a new global land rush is gobbling up large expanses of arable land and displacing farmers. The government in Mali has welcomed investors who will use the Niger River for irrigation. Photo:  Tyler Hicks/New York Times

The half-dozen strangers who descended on the remote village of Soumouni, Mali brought its hand-to-mouth farmers alarming news: their humble fields, tilled from one generation to the next, were now controlled by Libya’s leader, Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, and the farmers would all have to leave. Across Africa and the developing world, a new global land rush is gobbling up large expanses of arable land and displacing farmers. The government in Mali has welcomed investors who will use the Niger River for irrigation. Photo:  Tyler Hicks/New York Times

African farmers displaced as investors move in Neil MacFarquhar New York Times December 21, 2010  See slide show  Slow progress on regulation of land-grabbing  IRIN November 28, 2010

Zambia: "Marrying off young girls is a tradition here" IRIN News December 26, 2010

For more than three decades after independence under the leadership of its first president, Felix Houphouet-Boigny, Ivory Coast was conspicuous for its religious and ethnic harmony and its well-developed economy. All this ended when the late Robert Guei led a coup which toppled Felix Houphouet-Boigny's successor, Henri Bedie, in 1999. Mr Bedie fled, but not before planting the seeds of ethnic discord by trying to stir up xenophobia against Muslim northerners, including his main rival, Alassane Ouattara. In September 2002 a troop mutiny escalated into a full-scale rebellion, voicing the ongoing discontent of northern Muslims who felt they were being discriminated against in Ivorian politics. Thousands were killed in the conflict. Under terms of 2007 power-sharing deal, rebel leader became prime minister. Now power-sharing has broken down. Map: BBC

Wounds reopened--the price of breakdown in the Ivory Coast  IRIN News December 21, 2010 Ivory Coast president orders UN to leave Adam Nossiter New York Times December 18, 2010 Ivory Coast country profile: Once hailed as a model of stability, Ivory Coast has slipped into the kind of internal strife that has plagued many African countries  BBC News December 8, 2010 World leaders back Ouattara as Ivory Coast election winner BBC News December 3, 2010 Ivory Coast poll overturned: Gbagbo declared winner BBC News December 3, 2010  Ivory Coast election: Alassane Ouattara 'beats Gbagbo BBC News December 2, 2010

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