Shady dealings helped Qaddafi build fortune and regime–Colonel Qaddafi’s family and his government have accumulated billions of dollars with the help of international corporations

by Eric Lichtblau, David Rohde and James Risen

WASHINGTON — In 2009, top aides to Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi called together 15 executives from global energy companies operating in Libya’s oil fields and issued an extraordinary demand: Shell out the money for his country’s $1.5 billion bill for its role in the downing of Pan Am Flight 103 and other terrorist attacks.