Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects one in three people. The 2016 Global Nutrition Report is a comprehensive stocktake of the state of the world’s nutrition, from child stunting to adult obesity. The report finds that, despite some progress in recent years, the world is off track to reach global nutrition targets. It presents the latest findings on what is being done to improve nutrition worldwide and country by country, the status of funding, where the knowledge and resource gaps lie, and how to make commitments that will end malnutrition in all its forms by 2030. Most importantly, the 2016 report asks leaders to make a political choice: the choice to end malnutrition.