Creating a fertile future for farmers in Africa. What are the most effective ways of encouraging the development of smallholder farming? Diversification, training and working with the private sector are key

by Frederika Whitehead

Smallholder farmers in Africa are struggling with the effects of climate change. Photograph: ISSOUF SANOGO/AFP/Getty Images

More than half a billion Africans are smallholder farmers. In some countries they make up as much as 85% of the population. Even in Africa’s most urbanised countries that figure only drops to 55%.