Chokepoints and Vulnerabilities in Global Food Trade

by Johanna Lehne & Laura Wellesley

Pedro Miguel locks, Panama Canal (Photo: Gonzalo Azumendi/Getty Images)

Physical ‘chokepoints’ along trade routes are critical to global food security. The importance of these chokepoints and the risks of closure or disruption are increasing, but such risks and their potential impact remain largely overlooked. Currently, four out of five people live in countries that depend on imports to feed their populations.