Hunger and nutrition Quiz
This part of the Hunger Notes website enables you to learn make a free (to you) contribution to assist hungry people. and learn more about hunger by reading essential information on an important aspect of world hunger and answering several questions. When you answer this quiz, Hunger Notes will make a donation to assist hungry people in crisis.
How are hunger and nutrition related?
This seems an obvious question—if one doesn’t eat enough food to fillheir current physiological needs—they feel hunger. Hunger can be temporary, such as not having enough to eat for a meal or a day, or can be long lasting when the person does not get enough to eat to maintain their physical needs over many days, weeks, months or years. When a person has hunger for a sustained period of time, they can develop malnutrition, either mild or severe depending on their body needs and food intake.
Malnutrition is defined as any disorder of nutrition. It may result from an unbalanced, insufficient or excessive diet or from impaired absorption, assimilation or use of foods. Undernutrition can cause young children to be stunted in height, underweight, hindered in developmental capacities such as brain function, and be more prone to disease. Severe malnutrition, particularly in young children and infants, can lead to death. Hunger is the world’s number one health risk, greater than HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined. (World Food Programme 2012).
It is estimated that 870 million people in the world do not have enough to eat (2012 FAO). Most at risk for undernutrition are poor, pregnant or lactating women, and children under five years old, living in developing countries (98%) with Asia and the Pacific having the largest share of the world’s hungry people. Most underweight children (56 million) live in South-central Asia (WHO 2011).
The main causes of malnutrition are a lack of adequate dietary intake, or increased infections and disease, which can increase requirements and prevent the body from absorbing those nutrients consumed. However the underlying causes are mainly the result of factors operating at the household and community level, such as -household food insecurity, inadequate care, an unhealthy household household environment, and lack of health services.
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